Everyone experiences joint pain and stiffness, and for most of us, these symptoms become more prevalent with age. When joint pain becomes chronic, it can limit our activity and adversely affect our health. Yet, with modern joint replacement surgery, many patients have regained mobility and are pain-free.
Total hip replacement surgery has evolved dramatically over the years as advances in technology have made it possible to improve surgical techniques. More than 285,000 people have total hip replacement surgery each year in the United States 1. Computer-assisted total hip replacement surgery is one of the latest revolutions in total hip replacement.
Consult your physician regarding hip pain treatment options and to find out if you may be a candidate for total hip replacement surgery.
Do you need joint replacement surgery?
Common causes of joint pain
Osteoarthritis, a degenerative disease that causes gradual deterioration of cartilage within the joint, is the most common cause of joint pain. It happens with normal wear and tear over time. If you suffer from joint pain, you may be one of millions with osteoarthritis. Other types of degenerative joint disease that may cause pain include post-traumatic arthritis (brought on by injury), rheumatoid arthritis (a chronic inflammatory condition), and avascular necrosis (loss of bone due to insufficient blood flow). Hip dysplasia, a congenital deformity of the hip joint, may also result in hip pain.
Signs of osteoarthritis
If you are experiencing these symptoms, it may be osteoarthritis:
Joint pain and stiffness in joints are the most common symptoms
Joint tenderness and swelling2,3
Stiffness, especially in the morning2,3
Loss of range of motion4
Unusual grating sensations, crunching or creaking sounds3
What makes it more likely to happen to you?
Common risk factors for osteoarthritis are:
Age: Risk increases as you age5
Gender: Women are more susceptible4,5
Obesity: Extra weight increases your risk of developing osteoarthritis4
Joint injuries: From sports or accidents4
Repetitive use of joints: Associated with an increased risk of osteoarthritis5
Choosing joint replacement surgery
Physical therapy, joint injections, and pain medications can treat joint pain. Hip or knee replacement surgery * is an option for patients that don’t find relief from those treatments. While there are risks associated with any surgery (see Common Questions for joint replacement risks), most joint-replacement patients experience pain relief, improved mobility 6 and, most importantly the ability to return to beloved activities, from golf to the grand-kids.
* The TSolution One® Surgical System is not available for total knee replacement surgery in the U.S.
American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons website. Accessed July 2014.
Teitel AD. Osteoarthritis. MedlinePlus website. Updated August 3, 2013. Accessed July 2014.
Osteoarthritis. I Haq, E Murphy, J Dacre. Postgrad Med J 2003;79:377–383.
Clinical features and pathogenetic mechanisms of osteo¬arthritis of the hip and knee. Issue: BCMJ, Vol. 52, No. 8, October 2010, page(s) 393–398 Articles. Manal Hasan, MBBS, MD, Rhonda Shuckett, MD, FRCPC, Diplomate ABIM.
Epidemiology of Osteoarthritis. Yuqing Zhang, D.Sc1 and Joanne M. Jordan, MD, MPH2. Yuqing Zhang: firstname.lastname@example.org; Joanne M. Jordan: email@example.com
1. Clinical Epidemiology Research and Training Unit, Boston University School of Medicine, 650 Albany Street, Suite x200, Boston, MA 02118
2. USA. Thurston Arthritis Research Center, 3300 Doc J. Thurston, Jr. Building, CB#7280, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7289, USA.
J Epidemial Community Health. 1998 September; 52(9): 564–570. PMCID: PMC1756757. Health benefits of joint replacement surgery for patients with osteoarthritis: prospective evaluation using independent assessments in Scotland. S. Orbell, A. Espley, M. Johnston, and D. Rowley.