If you suffer from hip pain, you may be one of millions suffering from osteoarthritis,2 a degenerative disease that causes the gradual deterioration of cartilage within the joint. Osteoarthritis can result over time from normal “wear and tear” and is the most common cause of hip pain.
Other types of degenerative joint diseases that may cause hip pain include, but are not limited to, post-traumatic arthritis (arthritis brought on by injury), rheumatoid arthritis (a chronic inflammatory condition that causes joint pain, stiffness, and swelling), avascular necrosis (the loss of bone due to insufficient blood flow), and hip dysplasia (a congenital deformity of the hip joint).
The following symptoms may be signs of osteoarthritis:3,4
- Pain: Sharp or burning pain, occasional or constant, that may be experienced within the hip joint itself or perceived as discomfort in the groin, buttocks, and/or knees
- Joint tenderness and swelling
- Stiffness, especially in the morning or after sitting for long periods
- Reduced movement or loss of flexibility
- Unusual grating sensations, as well as crunching or creaking sounds
- Bone Deformities
- Joint Injuries
- Certain Diseases
Hip replacement surgery is a common orthopedic surgical procedure, and more than 285,000 total hip replacements are performed each year in the United States. 1 Total hip replacement surgery replaces both the upper end of the femur (thigh bone) with a metal ball and the hip socket in the pelvic bone with a metal shell and plastic liner. These “ball-and-socket” prosthetic implant components replace damaged hip cartilage, thereby relieving pain and restoring motion and function to the hip joint.
Patients who have had total hip replacement surgery have experienced the following benefits: 5,6
- Hip pain relief
- Improved range of motion
- Increased strength due to improved functionality and reduced pain
- Improved quality of life and the ability to return to normal activities
As with all surgeries, there are potential risks and complications for total hip replacement surgery, which may include infection, blood clots, leg-length inequality, and dislocation. However, the complication rate following hip replacement surgery is low. 7
Total hip replacement surgery has evolved dramatically over the years as advances in technology have made it possible to improve surgical techniques. Computer-assisted total hip replacement surgery is one of the latest revolutions in total hip replacement.
Consult your physician regarding hip pain treatment options and to find out if you may be a candidate for total hip replacement surgery.
Patients typically consider having total hip replacement surgery in order to relieve pain due to arthritis and/or previous injury. They often turn to surgery after trying other forms of treatment, including physical therapy, pain medication, or the injection of artificial joint lubricants. 8
The most important factors associated with successful long-term outcomes for hip surgery are precise implant placement and alignment. The computer-assisted Surgical Assistant tool, in conjunction with the 3D planning workstation, results in significant improvements in implant placement and alignment compared with traditional manual surgery.
In traditional manual techniques, the bone is removed using handheld surgical instruments. However, even the most skilled surgeons are constrained by the limited precision of conventional surgical instruments. With THINK Surgical, the preoperative planning combined with the accuracy of the computer-assisted Surgical Assistant tool can produce optimal removal of the bone and implant placement.
Hip replacement is not for everyone, and, as with all surgeries, there are potential risks and complications, including increased radiation exposure from a required CT scan and blood loss. The THINK Surgical procedure is not recommended for individuals who are pregnant, obese, have previous metal leg implants, poor bone quality, certain bone diseases, or are still growing.
Individual results vary. Consult with your orthopedic surgeon to fully review your conditions, treatment options, and potential risks and complications. Only your orthopedic surgeon can determine if the THINK Surgical procedure is right for you.
Good bone quality and overall general health are the most important considerations. Age is not usually a factor when determining good candidates for the THINK Surgical procedure. Severe osteoporosis (decreased bone density) and/or severe deformity of the operative femur are contraindications for the THINK Surgical surgery.
Individuals should be evaluated by their primary care physician and an orthopedic surgeon to ensure that they are suitable candidates for hip replacement surgery.
Contact your insurance provider and consult with your surgeon about coverage.
Although recovery times vary, patients generally resume normal activities within 4–8 weeks. 8 To strengthen joints and muscles, the use of canes and walkers is common during the first phases of recovery and most patients work with physical therapists to speed the recovery process.